Have you considered the consequences?
These are just a few of the risks of children with undiagnosed and untreated speech, language, stuttering and reading problems. These findings are drawn from clinical research in the field of communication disorders and sciences.
If any one of these signs is familiar you should seek the help of a Speech- Language Pathologist immediately.
Could my child be dyslexic?
If your child is between 6 and 7 years of age and you answered yes to 6 or more, or between 8 and 9, and you answered yes to 4 or more, your child may have characteristics of dyslexia.
What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific language based learning disability, which affects the auditory, visual, and motor aspects of reading, writing, and spelling.
Children with dyslexia tend to be bright, creative, and the inability to read or spell is in striking contrast to all their other gifts and talents.
International Dyslexia Association Definition:
“Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and / or fluent
word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties
typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that
is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision
of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems
in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth
of vocabulary and background knowledge.”
There is help available
A full speech and language assessment, phonological awareness evaluation, and screening of dyslexia characteristics are recommended.
Screening can be done by a Speech-Language Pathologist, teacher/educator, or psychologist with specific training and experience in dyslexia.
The Orton-Gillingham Method is an approach to teaching the rudiments of decoding and spelling, which uses all the senses simultaneously to integrate sound, letters, orthography, and spelling. It covers, sound symbol association, phonological awareness, rules of spelling conventions, spelling exceptions, syllable division, syllable accent, plus Latin and Greek derivatives. It discretely integrates speech, and auditory processing with literacy.
The program works on a skill-mastery basis. It takes between 150 and 200 hours to administer and is delivered by the parent over a two-year period. The parent delivering the program must not have dyslexia him/herself.
Such programing is the treatment of choice for problem readers according to the IDA, (International Dyslexia Association) which has a wealth of information for parents on their website, as well as the NIH, (National Institutes of Health), one of the world's foremost medical research centers.
Below are some websites that may be helpful to parents:
ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS AND KEEP TRACK OF THE NUMBER OF ‘YES’ RESPONSES.
IF YOU ANSWER ‘YES’ TO 2 OR MORE OF THESE QUESTIONS, YOU COULD BENEFIT FROM VOICE THERAPY FROM A REGISTERED SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIST.
Here are some helpful hints for people who have strained their voices and are suffering from vocal fatigue.
THE ABOVE MEASURES ARE BROAD COMMON-SENSE SUGGESTIONS AND ARE NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR THERAPY.
-still being written
The Speech, Voice and Language Clinic is a Speech Pathology Private Practice that provides the National Capital Region with high quality diagnostic, therapeutic and educational services in a wide spectrum of human communication disciplines.
We have been serving Ottawa since 1982 and are proud of our success and commitment in helping our clients achieve and enjoy optimal communication health.
Our mission is to provide skilled and caring service in the areas of communication disorders, sciences, performance and arts.
We work with commitment, professionalism, and attention to detail; providing individualised programs and highly personalised service to individuals, organizations, businesses, and corporations large and small.
The Speech, Voice and Language Clinic offers a comprehensive program for the corporate/business population to improve speech, voice, accent, communication, public speaking, and communication management in the workplace.
We offer individual evaluations, workplace appraisals and therapeutic programs uniquely designed for the client and their organization. Our process involves observation and identification of problems, formal assessment, interpretation and analysis, program development, intervention, education, guidance and program review.
Work Reintegration following Stroke and Brain Injury
Occupational Issues of the Second Language Acquisition Client
Non Native Speaker Coaching and Coping Skills
Linguistic Assessment Services for Public Servants
Sub Clinical Language Based Learning Disabilities
Non Verbal Learning Disabilities
Auditory Processing Management
Voice Performance and Articulation Skills
Care of the Professional Voice for Public Speakers, Clergy, Teachers, Singing Teachers and Singers
Public Speaking and Presentation Skills
Dealing with Stage Fright
Communication Work Environment Management for Peek Performance
Dining and Corporate Etiquette
We are proud of our associations with:
Cisco Systems Canada Co.
Great Canadian Theatre Company
National Arts Centre
Ottawa-Carleton Catholic School Board
Ottawa-Carleton District School Board
Savoy Society of Ottawa
St Paul’s University
Yoriko Tanno-Kimmons Studio
Commonly asked questions:
What is Reminiscence Therapy?
Reminiscence Therapy is a communication facilitation technique which provides patients with the opportunity to connect and communicate with loved ones and family members when communication skills are significantly compromised by neurological conditions and non-specific decline in the aged. The purpose is to provide patients and their loved ones with opportunities to have conversations and share messages in ways that they might not consider possible.
Who would benefit from Reminiscence Therapy?
Patients with conditions such as aphasia, dysarthria, Parkinson’s Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, some types of Dementia, Cancer and Traumatic Brain Injury, to name a few. It is meant for end stage communication. It is intended for the patient for whom no or little functional gain in communication is expected. An ideal candidate must have some functional residual hearing and some comprehension of language, and awareness of family and friends.
How does Reminiscence Therapy work?
The patient’s spouse, friend or loved one attends therapy with the patient and through careful interviewing technique provides the Speech-Language Pathologist with biographical, cultural, and historical information about the patient. Using speech, pictures, drawings, gestures, photo albums, lists of family members names etc, the clinician along with the family member embark on a journey of shared connectedness and meaningful relationality.
What are the benefits of Reminiscence Therapy?
Patients and their family members who have engaged in Reminiscence Therapy report feelings of closeness, opportunity to have final conversations, opportunities to laugh and joke, when everything around them may be difficult, painful, negative and at times seemingly humourless. Client families report a positive effect on their family members who are in the end stages of illness.
We are a private practice in Speech-Language Pathology with unique experience in evaluating second language-acquisition learners. We provide services to public servants who are concerned with language competence testing.
We evaluate clients through a careful intake interview, workplace/career inventory, and administration of a battery of tests. This process is finely tuned to identify minimal linguistic dysfunction which academic and psychological testing cannot isolate.
Anyone who works in an occupational setting where bilingualism is a requirement and necessary for advancement.
How does it work?
Testing takes 2 hours and analysis, scoring and report writing take 3 hours. An additional final hour is spent in a feedback/guidance session where we review your report and discuss our findings and recommendations. We provide you, your physician and your employer with a copy of your report. We meet with employers as requested. We provide you with official receipts.
Take our Quiz
IF YOU ANSWER ‘ YES’ TO 3 OR MORE OF THESE QUESTIONS, YOU COULD HAVE A MINIMAL LANGUAGE BASED LEARNING DISABILITY WHICH PREVENTS YOU FROM ACHIEVING FLUENCY IN A SECOND LANGUAGE.
What is an accent?
An accent is the unique way that speech is pronounced by a group of people speaking the same language, that sounds foreign. Accents can impede communication and make speakers sound non-native. Accents are usually grouped as:
Most of us have accents.
The most common cause of accent is because English is not one’s first language.
Accent reduction and accent modification are two terms, which are synonymous.
Contributions of speech and intonation to sounding foreign:
One may speak a second language quite well yet still have an accent. Contributors to accent for people who speak English well are:
Contributions of language to sounding foreign:
Other contributors to sounding foreign:
Consequences of an untreated accent: communication, social, emotional
Communication is the ultimate goal of speech and language. To the extent that
our messages lack clarity our listeners cannot understand us. If comprehension
of our speech is lacking, then communication has not occurred, resulting in
Having a prominent accent may have negative effects on job performance, educational advancement, and everyday life activities. An accent may also negatively impact your self-esteem if you are having difficulty communicating because of an accent. People (listeners) are often distracted by accent, thus focusing on your accent more than on what you are trying to say.
Not being understood has devastating results in both the work place and in clients’ personal lives. For these reasons, people often want to modify or change their accent.
Most frequent responses when I conduct a social/demographic interview with a client is comments such as:
Can I change my accent?
Absolutely. It takes work, perseverance, dedication, practice, some auditory/language/ imitative talent, and most importantly the right learning tools and resources. Also one must be relaxed, learn to be patient and be willing to take risks and make mistakes. Laughter is important. Adults learn best when they are not anxious and comfortable.
Why a Speech-Language Pathologist?
A qualified Speech-Language Pathologist, trained in both assessing as well as treating accent is a best-practice guideline.
SLPs differ from teachers, instructors, ESL teachers and the like in several ways:
Who seeks accent reduction?
What can I expect from The Speech, Voice and Language Clinic?
A thorough evaluation of your individual speech pattern and profile. The speech-language pathologist will evaluate your:
In testing you will be asked to read words, sentences, and paragraphs. For this reason it is important to have basic reading skills.The Speech-Language Pathologist will also listen to your speech in conversation.
Once this information is collected and analyzed, the Speech-Language Pathologist will identify what changes can be made in your speech pattern to modify your accent and improve your overall communication. A set of goals based on your individual needs will be developed. Often, goals that will either make the greatest difference or are easiest for the client to acquire are targeted first. Therapy sessions may be provided to individuals or small groups. At the end of treatment, a reassessment will be undertaken and a progress report on each individual as well as verbal feedback will be provided.
Is there one accent that is better than another? NO
Is an accent a speech disorder? ONLY IF IT SEVERELY IMPAIRS COMMUNICATION
Can it be treated as a speech disorder with a physician referral? YES
Will I sound like somebody else at the end of my training? NO. YOU SOUND LIKE YOURSELF, ONLY CLEARER.
How much change can I expect? IT DEPENDS ON THE PRESENTING ACCENT, THE SKILLS OF THE CLIENT, TIME SPENT PRACTICING ETC.
Will I sound like a native Canadian? ONLY IF YOUR ACCENT IS MILD AND YOUR COMMAND OF ENGLISH IS GOOD. FOR MORE HEAVILY ACCENTED PEOPLE, THE GOAL IS TO GET CLOSER TO SOUNDING NATIVE OVER TIME.
Mastering Effective English Communication: Intonation Patterns, Vowel system, Consonant Variations. Lorna D. Sikorski, M.A.
A Practical English Grammar. A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet (text and worksheets).
Idioms 1 and 2. Public Service Commission of Canada.
Gambits. Public Service Commission of Canada.
Improving Voice and Articulation. Hilda B. Fisher.
Various handouts and resources developed in house by Mary-Anne Zubrycky, Registered Speech-Language Pathologist.
What Clients Require:
Each client should own a quality dictionary: i.e. Oxford, Webster, Funk and Wagnall's. A cassette tape recorder or CD player is required for home practice.
International Dyslexia Association
Canadian Dyslexia Centre
Canadian Association of Speech Language
Pathologists and Audiologists
Ontario Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists
American Speech-Language Hearing Association